RES701 Final Reflection

Here comes the final blog post for this course. A time to give opinion, reflect and understand what I’ve learnt from Claire and her lectures. At the start this class wasn’t exactly what I had expected, but then I guess I didn’t really know what to expect from it. As the first few weeks went by I began to understand the areas and ideas of what Claire was teaching us and getting us to research. My expectations were now changed and I sort of understood why were doing each study or topic.

Speaking of expectations, this leads to opinion as well. With expectation either being higher or lower you may be in for extra satisfaction or disappointment. I wouldn’t say I was either of these at the start. My opinion had changed from the unknown and sitting in RES blank to filling my head with the information and skills we were learning because they are not just important but going to help with our projects and career opportunities. I became very satisfied with what we were doing and began to understand how this was linking in with our IT studies. Overall my opinion of Research Methods is outstanding because of the learning aspects to it.

Another part I liked about research was how the work we were putting in linked up directly to the assignments and how we were able to practice this before the actual assignment. This course also started to create ideas for possible projects which I have narrowed it down to a possible are but still unsure exactly what to do it on.

Some of the topics I found were difficult to comprehend, especially the Ontology and Epistemology subject we looked at. This took me a while to understand but once Claire discussed this in class it became clearer. The truth topic we looked at had to be the most interesting but also annoying in one. It caused a lot of debate which was good, however making you think about what really is truth.

Finally, I want to go back and answer a question which we were asked for one of our first blog posts. What do you think research is?

My answer was : Finding new information of a given instance or subject which you have decided to take further study of. Then using this information for general interest, new knowledge, solve a problem or to pass on this information can all be associated but not limited to research.

Added: I think research can include anything and everything. Any idea, object or topic (etc) has some information or understanding behind it whether it be complex or simple. Research would help you understand this given instance better as well as lead to new ideas. There are several ways to do ‘research’ and some can affect the outcome you personally find. For example when understanding ‘truth’ I never actually considered all the possibilities we came across. Research does this and using different means as well as other peoples concept of the subject is a big part of what research is to me. You have to understand what you think and find and then what others think and find to be able to comprehend the thing we call ‘Research’.

 

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Time to think – Project Proposal

Last week we were introduced to our last assignment, making a project proposal. In a way this helps a lot because soon comes the time where some of us have to make the decision what to do for our project.

This decision is one of the most difficult I have to make myself during my studies, Claire our research tutor quoted along the lines of “Its the last thing you can most likely choose to do yourself and enjoy before heading out into the work force”. This totally made sense and is something I am really considering when deciding a project.

To be honest I don’t have a real idea of what I may do for my project, just a base to start from. This base has come from what I enjoy in my studies especially during the current semester. This area fits the networking infrastructure major which I wish to complete and is basically using cloud technology. Another area I am really interested in is sport, mainly football. Is there a way to connect these into a project? This is something I have to find out because I really want to consider it towards a project.

We started doing an activity in class which really helped me, these are my ideas below…

Making a choice

  • Choose one of the questions and make a more detailed description of what you would do to answer/explore the question i.e. a first draft of your list of activities

Why is it evolving networking/infrastructure?

How it has changed the old and how the new technology is being used to do the jobs that were and still are done on ‘bare metal’.

Where can sport be implemented into Cloud technology?

Research …

  • Find services that could be used (Any provider)
  • What sport and areas of that sport could be developed through the use of technology (Cloud) – e.g. Sports Streaming, upgrading the way we can find and view sport or monitoring performance and gameplay
  • Team/Competition Data Storage
  • This evolution makes IT technology more available to use for cases such as sport
  • Understand the evolution of cloud in networking
  • Find cases where sport and cloud may have been used before
  • List of similarities that could be used to implement
  • Choose a provider which best suits the case

Implementation …

  • Start using identified services
  • Implement the sporting ideas into the services

Write a title for this possible project.

  • Sport in the Information Technology World – Cloud Services
  • Can the cloud technology evolution change the sporting world?
  • Implementing a cloud service benefiting the way we view sports
  • Implementing a cloud service to monitor or track sporting competitions

Overall my idea is vague at the moment and I understand this, it is a starting point and something that I hope I will enjoy to do. As Claire said it may be the last thing you get to choose to do yourself and choose something you enjoy which is what I hope to experience before going out into the job world.

Areas of Interest – Projects??

To summarize this work up seems to be rather difficult for me. One, I have written a bit and to summarize may shorten or influence my ideas against what I was trying to get across. I will start with what is my interest in IT and why…..

Recently I have had the chance to start using cloud and AWS services for my NET 702 course. This class has had to be one of my favourites as well as a pain in the behind. It has interested me the most because of the capabilities of cloud, you can do almost anything without having physical components sitting in front of you as well as saving time and money by using cloud services to your advantage. Learning and understanding cloud to me was just the start, getting to use AWS for an assignment has been really enjoyable.

I have learned some of the basics as well as getting to trial a few services. I wouldn’t say I know much at all to be fair, but this knowledge so far has sparked many ideas and I have come to see why cloud is developing and at the rate it is. The things I do know about cloud have changed my opinion of it and what potentially may be an option to move into post studies. Before I didn’t believe we would all move into cloud technology but after finding a bit more out about the technology I can definitely see a massive increase if not total use (potentially years away) in organisation implementation whether that by hybrid or full.

As I said before, I don’t believe I know nearly enough. I know more of the information behind cloud rather than actually using it. I would love to have more knowledge on how to implement infrastructure in the Cloud, at the moment this is limited to following a tutorial for a project. I also said that I think cloud will start to and potentially be fully implemented by most organisations, I couldn’t even start to begin to say when this might be with the development of cloud currently.

Disregarding any area of IT that interests me, something that interests me in general was  succeeding and making something work. Bringing this back to IT terms great examples arose in software development. I felt great satisfaction to make an application work at the end of the project and this idea is what will make me want to do my project and strive to complete it.

Practice for Assignment 2

Monitoring Accelerations with GPS in Football: Time to Slow Down?

  1. The article did inform the reader of the three things in the abstract. These are what the research is about/the topic, what the researchers/authors did and what they discovered from this research. After reading the abstract you are well aware of the article and research and can then make a better decision as to whether you want to continue reading.
  2. The question that the researcher seems to be trying to answer to me is ‘Do differences occur on results between GPS models and/or software updates on common running based football movements?’ Another may be ‘How correct is the data produced by GPS systems for running based football movements between models?’
  3. The researchers used a method where they simulated common running movements from a football player. They were tested during training sessions where the player completed a standardized routine and the device was attached to a custom made sled towed behind the player. Tests were undertaken before and after manufacturer software updates as well as several models from the same supplier.
  4. Initially, the article seems quite limited and short when reading it. If you were to say from just this, then it may not seem credible. Once you look at the methods and results this starts to give you a bit more reassurance because the information found from the methods they have followed appears to stable and well displayed. The authors also increase the credibility with three of the top four featuring over 1500 citations and most cited author having 181 published. These four have a PhD to their name also working for sports academies, universities and a top European football club Paris Saint Germain. The article is quite recent, 2 years published. After all these the article does seem credible.
  5. I do agree with the statements written in the conclusion. This is because the researchers have taken the results into account and concluded from them. Results showed that different models and updates can have an effect and difference therefore you could believe that GPS are not always accurate for reading and analysing sports data.
  6. Two things I learnt from the article are that GPS can be affected by the likes of software. The results indicated change after the first software update, mainly in the amount of distance covered by the runner. Another thing I learnt was that different models also have a mixed range of differences even though they were doing the same tests. It seems odd to me because you would think that the different models from the same supplier. I would’ve thought that the different models would still use the same software to run. Maybe the models effect results because of their dynamics and shapes. Something to potentially query in another study.
  7. The paper describes how GPS systems used in sport to collect player data can have varied results with different model GPS devices and after software updates (different versions of software). I think the researchers were trying to see if GPS systems remain accurate not matter the model or software used on the device. As someone who doesn’t know too much about these devices I would want to think that they all start accurate to a certain degree and don’t change to much compared to one another. It is important for them to be all similarly accurate especially with the types of teams and sports using them and I believe with one of the authors involved in a top football club they would want to be certain the data they collect is consistent. After this research it would be wise to use the same model GPS the whole time and not change the software throughout testing players. These devices have become a lot more common and widely used and I think the researchers wanted to make sure or make a statement that they could be used to much and some information may not always be accurate.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Hani_Al_Haddad/publication/261800969_Monitoring_Accelerations_With_GPS_in_Football_Time_to_Slow_Down/links/0046353a13006d3971000000.pdf

Academic Articles

Article 1 –

Title and Author(s) 

Martin Buchheit, Hani Al Haddad, Ben M. Simpson, Dino Palazzi, Pitre C. Bourdon, Valter Di Salvo, and Alberto Mendez-Villanueva

APA reference of Article

Wisbey, B., Montgomery, P. G., Pyne, D. B., & Rattray, B. (2010). Quantifying movement demands of AFL football using GPS tracking. Journal of science and Medicine in Sport, 13(5), 531-536.

How you found the article and what keywords you used

Google Scholar – Football performance monitoring/tracking, performance technology, Sports GPS tracking

What kind of article it is

Journal Paper

Reasons that you think it is an Academic Article

It follows many of the procedures that have been identified in class and on documents of the structure and areas that are used for an academic paper, using google scholar mostly tends to produce academic papers.It also follows a primary research topic. It was also published in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance.

How well it fits the ‘structure of an academic article’  that I described in my previous post

The paper has many of the structures identified including an abstract, methods, results, discussion and references. The paper is rather brief only being four pages, but does include good results and discussion from the research. The description is sort of merged in with the abstract and can therefore be a bit misunderstood. Overall i would say it fits the structure of an academic article reasonably well.

No of References

6

No of Citations

35

URL of the Article

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Hani_Al_Haddad/publication/261800969_Monitoring_Accelerations_With_GPS_in_Football_Time_to_Slow_Down/links/0046353a13006d3971000000.pdf

say whether you are interested in properly reading the article or not (and give some reasons!)

I am interested in reading this article because I chose a specific area of IT based technology that interests me a lot. It includes sport which I play and love, including keeping track of the latest sports news.

 

 

 

Article 2 –

Title and Author(s) 

Ben Wisbey, Paul G Montgomery, David B Pyne, Ben Rattray

APA reference of Article

Wisbey, B., Montgomery, P. G., Pyne, D. B., & Rattray, B. (2010). Quantifying movement demands of AFL football using GPS tracking. Journal of science and Medicine in Sport, 13(5), 531-536.

How you found the article and what keywords you used

Google Scholar Search – Technology in Sport, GPS Monitoring

What kind of article it is

Journal Paper

Reasons that you think it is an Academic Article

The article includes many of the parts that make an academic article including an abstract, introduction, methods  & results as well as a discussion of the topic. Using google scholar usually brings out the academic articles for you as well

How well it fits the ‘structure of an academic article’  that I described in my previous post

Looking at the article I believe it fits the structure of an academic article well, it is a bit shorter than other articles however. They have used and cited many references which I think is a good way to tell that someone has done more research and found a lot more information regarding the topic of the article and study.

No of References

16

No of Citations

141

URL of the Article

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Pyne/publication/38074646_Quantifying_movement_demands_of_AFL_football_using_GPS_tracking/links/09e415032be679334d000000.pdf

say whether you are interested in properly reading the article or not (and give some reasons!)

Again I have used an article which interests me a lot more than other topics, Sport and the technology in Information Technology. Considering this I would be a lot more likely to be interested in reading it compared to say an article that may involve just an IT article with no extra context.

Credible Evidence – Oculus Rift

Oculus Rift 1:

Link: http://arstechnica.com/gaming/2016/04/the-ars-vr-headset-showdown-oculus-rift-vs-htc-vive/

Search  Terms:  Google search

Writer: Kyle Orland

Published: April 12 2016

Publication: Web Article

This source seems to be credible considering the author and his area of expertise as well as the comparison test undertaken for the experiment and article. The article includes and considers many points, it is very current being published today (12 April 2016) and uses many resources in the article.

Oculus Rift 2:

Link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1408.1173

Search  Terms: Google Scholar search

Writer: PR Desai, PN Desai, KD Ajmera, K Mehta

Published: 2014

Publication: Review Paper/PDF

This article may or may not be very credible, it seems to be a review by students of Cornell University, however they do have few other papers published on similar topics. The paper is relatively recent and being for a university should be in a professional matter.

Oculus Rift 3:

Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bfBV-x0ftM

Search  Terms: Youtube search

Writer: The Verge

Published: March 28, 2016

Publication: Video Review

The information may be credible, I think it can be with the recent publishing of the video as well as the people behind the video. Even though we don’t have a single author the organisation ‘The Verge’ seem to have a great website mainly to publish articles for all sorts of categories as well as contributing authors. This evidence shows great investment into educational articles as well as quality information.

 

Credible Evidence – Database Design

Database Design 1:

Link: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=556863 (Database Management Systems)

Search Terms: Google Scholar Search

Writer: Johannes Gehrke, Raghu Ramakrishnan

Published: 2000

Publication: Book

This book seems very credible to me with over 2000 citations from other writers, authors and books etc. Even though it may be old, the topic of database design does not change a lot and could still very relevant with today’s databases. Scholar also proposed this as the top search item, which can be a good and bad thing.

Database Design 2:

Link: http://www.datanamic.com/support/lt-dez005-introduction-db-modeling.html

Search Terms: Google search

Writer: Datanamic 

Published: No Date

Publication: Web Article

This article has great information and resources however I wouldn’t consider it as credible because of a few reasons. The first being there is no author stated rather just a corporate author being the website organisation. Another reason is I can’t find a publish date and therefore the article may have no credibility because it could be significantly old, even though the this may not affect the topic.

Database Design 3:

Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_QU9OGwtbI&nohtml5=False

Search Terms: Youtube search

Writer: Dr. Daniel Soper

Published: July 23 2013

Publication: Video

I find this information from the video very credible because of the author involved. He has a Ph.D and is an Associate Professor for the Department of Information Systems and Decision Sciences at California State University. His CV contains a large amount of history including publications as well as a vast array of jobs.

Credible Evidence – Digital Citizenship

Digital Citizenship 1:

Link: http://www.digitalcitizenship.net/uploads/09-0489_AWAY__26_DIGKIDS_.pdf

Search Terms: First I googled and then followed a link from www.digitalcitizenship.net

Writer: Mike Ribble

Published: January/February 2010

Publication: Magazine Article for Away Magazine

I believe this is a credible resource because of the writer and his knowledge of the topic. He has written a couple of books as well as being a director of technology for a school district in the United States. The books he has written are ‘Digital Citizenship in Schools’ and ‘Raising a Digital Child’. Mike also setup the website where I found the article about digital citizenship, containing great info and resources. The time of publish may seem to old for it to be seen as credible with new technology constantly developing,  however the general picture of the topic remains the same which is what this article highlights therefore I still consider ti credible evidence. Other resources also cite Mike.

Digital Citizenship 2:

Link: https://www.net-ref.com/white-paper-digital-natives-citizens-of-a-changing-world/

Search Terms: Google News, following a link from another journal article about digital citizenship

Writer: George Dotterer/NetRef

Published: April 4th 2016

Publication: White Paper

Again I consider this resource to be credible evidence this time because of the group behind the white paper. There is an organisation that have invested time and money into this topic and cited many great resources including Mike Ribble, from the first source above that is seen to be a great cite of digital citizenship. The white paper is also very recent being from this month and year which indicates it could have relevant information for this exact time in technology.

Digital Citizenship 3:

Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I47ltgfkkik

Search Terms: Search Youtube

Writer: FlocabularyYT 

Published: August 7 2014

Publication: Video

The people behind the video appear to be a credible organisation again with investing in educational learning and using a popular music type so the target audience potentially have more interest. The video appeared at the top of the search and with the most views compared to others of the same topic. The organisation also have their own website giving greater investment, the only one thing that may affect their credibility is we don’t know where they have found this information or who actually created the video in the organisation. It may have been someone who read one article and decided to create a video on it.

The Great Game

I have chosen to write a blog post for this week on one of my great enjoyments, Football. I’m not here to blabber about football, rather tackle a slither of a topic that fascinates me and use it to ask “Why does New Zealand under achieve at football”?

For people that may have no idea on NZ football or football in general, I consider that New Zealand could make a bigger impact at the most widely played game in the world. You see our many high achievements at other sporting events, Olympic events, the likes of rugby stand out because of our national sport and how good our country plays. I ask, “So why can’t we transition some of this knowledge into football and how we perform”?

Many reasons come to mind considering why we potentially cannot compete at this game:

Size of the Country, Money, Other Countries are better or more countries play the game (compared to rugby), Knowledge (Coaches and Staff to support development), Player Levels & Commitment.

I would consider these to be the main areas we may struggle at. Our country has a small population which we all know, yet our rugby team still performs year after year. Possibly the biggest test is money, other countries around the world have more people playing, creating more competition and more football leagues. These players in some leagues get paid a small amount to play and therefore have some extra incentive.

Money is a huge part of football around the world, big clubs spend tens of millions on any one player and some players earning hundreds of thousands a week. Here in New Zealand I wouldn’t consider this type of money, but some of the leagues teams still pay players a small amount. So is this an issue? The reason may be it isn’t enough, players here also have to work full time jobs to make a living and therefore football becomes a second priority. Other countries football may be the players career. One key idea to think about.

Other countries have more depth of players to choose from because of the population however again this doesn’t effect our national rugby team. So why football? Football is largely other countries national game and therefore they have spent the money, players developed over longer periods of time which can lead to greater knowledge post career. Another key idea.

Player levels and leagues in New Zealand aren’t seen as very high, our national league is largely the highest possible course for players within New Zealand. With only one team majority ever competing with another countries which is the Wellington Phoenix and then again they can struggle a lot. This leads to attracting players and keeping them here, some of the best go and play overseas for money or better competition and careers. This is what I see as the biggest cause, we cannot keep our better players here, which isn’t a bad thing always but these will be the players to develop others around them. We can’t compete with the bigger paying clubs in other countries and simply our best league doesn’t offer them enough.

The current All Whites coach has identified what he sees as a big issue, he obviously has more knowledge and source into this. His idea turns to the laid back environment of our top footballers as well as game time. His comments below make a lot of sense and I can agree, even with my local experience as an amateur club player.

(Anthony Hudson – All Whites Coach)

“These are all young players that haven’t made it yet, but all have the ambition to make it. They are supposedly our best young players in New Zealand, yet they are so far removed from reality of how hard you have to work and what you have to put in, what you have to sacrifice.

“There is no urgency and they’ve got people around them that tell them how good they are all the time. No-one keeps them accountable … it horrifies me.

“It’s a soft, laid-back environment. It’s an epidemic here.”

A comment I think of when looking at this information is, some players may not consider football being able to take them to a career and pay their bills with, their education around them also has to have commitment and therefore they become less committed to what they see as a sport or hobby.

Lastly, again Hudson identified the games which our national team play, that is the whole point. There aren’t ever many games apart from when they come into tournament qualifiers.

“We need to play, at a minimum, two games a window and there are five windows.

“We can’t get away from it. You can’t build teams from a distance and throw a magic wand at it.

“We need time with the players and we need games, there is no other solution. We are trying to get to a World Cup.” (Anthony Hudson)

Possibly the biggest issue after reading this and why NZ may under perform at football. The All Blacks have a large amount of fixtures every year with regular team camps and training’s. The All Whites rarely get together and play other national teams which the last two comments above identify. (How can a team form and develop if they never play together) This isn’t the players or teams issue, the football association need to assess this. I believe they have started with a campaign ‘Beyond Football’ launched.

The link below explains what they plan to do.

Beyond Football launched

Source of information:

http://www.stuff.co.nz/sport/football/nz-teams/75749483/All-Whites-coach-Anthony-Hudson-hits-out-over-NZ-football-culture-lack-of-games

 

Argumentative Research

29/03/16 – This week each of us were given a type of research to basically research. I received argumentative research. Below are the questions that we were to answer.

  1. What is it ? (Short description of how it works)

Taking a side in the research and sticking with this only. Convincing others to agree with your point. May incur some bias because of this style. Potentially you pick one side of the research for example a scientific approach or a post-modernist approach and convince that this is the way as well as whether the information gathered is true to you.

2. What kinds of questions/problems might it be useful for?

An argumentative style would be useful where you possibly have to go with one side to get the correct information from your research. For example, a scientific approach has to be done to get the controlled variables correct to gain good enough information. You wouldn’t once consider that there may be a different form of research to use. Questions that this type of research would be useful for may include when you are trying to convince someone that the information is correct. It doesn’t just have to be opinion based, you should undertake your research and gain some good quality information to back this up with.

 3. How could it be used in IT research  (try to think of an example)?

Argumentative methods could be used in IT research you want to see what computer may perform better for example (where there is only one possible way to get correct information). This type of research has to be done only one way and you can’t sit at an observer level taking two sides or approaches. To be convinced that computer A is better than computer B you have to take the scientific side and this is it.

      4. What are the strengths of the approach?

The strengths of an argumentative style that you don’t sit on the fence when researching. You take a stance and go with that to obtain information, even if it may not be 100% accurate or what other people agree with, you have still made your mind, done research and gained knowledge of something that you are happy with. Enough so that you want to convince others that this information is important. Argumentative also produces new types of ideas when researching and therefore brings out your thoughts because you aren’t just agreeing with what the last person has said.

  5. What are the weaknesses of the approach?

Can develop a bias to the research taken because you don’t sit at an observer level and use different ways for your research. There can always be multiple ways for research to be done like the scientific approach where you follow a set of rules and have controlled environments. Many were argumentative about scientific research because this was seen as the only way something could possibly be proven through tried and true testing. If you were argumentative you wouldn’t consider any other line or method of research therefore possibly missing out on other information found.

I found this topic rather difficult, the information I was looking for was hard to obtain in my view and when I found some, it didn’t always make sense to me. Therefore I have developed the best idea I could behind it shown in my answers above.

Links I used:

http://www.is.cityu.edu.hk/staff/isrobert/phd/ch3.pdf

Analytical vs. Argumentative Research Papers